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Combined Influence of Surface Deposition and Hole-Blockage on Film-Cooling Performances

[+] Author Affiliations
Xue-yi Wang, Jian Pu, Rui-ming Yuan, Jian-hua Wang

University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China

Paper No. GT2016-56902, pp. V05CT19A019; 14 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5C: Heat Transfer
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4980-4
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Commercial aero-engines may operate in dust-laden environments, such as taking off and landing on desert ground or flying through volcano dust cloud, and foreign particles frequently deposit at hot surface and film hole-exits, which results in partial blockage of film holes, clog of cooling air, reduction in cooling effect, and could induce catastrophic damage. This problem has not been well solved up to now. This paper presents an experimental investigation on two surface deposition models (deposition limited to upstream of hole with a peak height of 1.5 diameter of hole called D1.5, and downstream forming a trench with a peak height of 1.0 diameter of hole, called D1) and two blockage models (leading edge of hole LB, and trailing edge TB), as well as two combined models D1.5-LB, and D1-TB. The experiments are conducted in a low speed water tunnel using Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) technique. Through this experiment, the following interesting phenomena, which were not reported in previous literatures, are reveled: 1) The effect of blockage ratio at leading edge on cooling performance of combined D1.5-LB is opposite to individual LB, i.e. in the case of combined D1.5-LB, a higher blockage ratio corresponds to a lower cooling effectiveness; whereas, for individual LB, the cooling effectiveness increases with the blockage ratios in the tested range. 2) At all blowing ratios, the cooling performances of combined D1.5-LB are better than that of perfect model D0-B0 (without deposition and blockage). At all blockage ratios tested in this experiment, in the case of combined D1.5-LB, a higher blowing ratio corresponds to a higher cooling effectiveness and a lager film coverage length. 3) At lower blockage ratios of 0.1 and 0.3, the overall-averaged cooling effectiveness of combined D1-TB is higher than that of perfect model D0-B0. At large blockage ratio 0.5, the blockage effect is dominant, and the averaged cooling effectiveness of combined model D1-TB is lower than that of D0-B0. In the case of individual deposition model D1-B0, although the lateral-averaged film cooling effectiveness is augmented, the area of film cooling is reduced.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Film cooling



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