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Adiabatic Film Cooling Effectiveness Measurements Throughout Multi-Row Film Cooling Arrays

[+] Author Affiliations
Greg Natsui, Zachary Little, Jay Kapat

University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL

Anthony Socotch, Anquan Wang

GE Aviation, Cincinnati, OH

Jason E. Dees

GE Global Research, Niskayuna, NY

Paper No. GT2016-56183, pp. V05CT19A006; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2016-56183
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5C: Heat Transfer
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4980-4
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

Adiabatic film cooling effectiveness measurements are obtained using pressure-sensitive paint (PSP) on a flat film cooled surface. The effects of blowing ratio and hole spacing are investigated for four multi-row arrays comprised of 8 rows containing 52 holes of 3.8 mm diameter with 20° inclination angles and hole length-to-diameter ratio of 11.2.

The four arrays investigated have two different hole-to-hole spacings composed of cylindrical and diffuser holes. For the first case, lateral and streamwise pitches are 7.5 times the diameter. For the second case, pitch-to-diameter ratio is 14 in lateral direction and 10 in the streamwise direction. The holes are in a staggered arrangement. Adiabatic effectiveness measurements are taken for a blowing ratio range of 0.3 to 1.2 and a density ratio of 1.5, with CO2 injected as the coolant.

A thorough boundary layer analysis is presented, and data was taken using hotwire anemometry with air injection, with boundary layer and turbulence measurements taken at multiple locations in order to characterize the boundary layer. Local effectiveness, laterally averaged effectiveness, boundary layer thickness, momentum thickness, turbulence intensity and turbulence length scale are presented. For the cylindrical holes, at the first row of injection, the film jets are still attached at a blowing ratio of 0.3. By a blowing ratio of 0.5, the jet is observed to lift off, and then impinge back onto the test surface. At a blowing ratio of 1.2, the jets lift off, but reattach much further downstream, spreading the coolant further along the test surface. A thorough uncertainty analysis has been conducted in order to fully understand the presented measurements and any shortcomings of the measurement technique. The maximum uncertainty of effectiveness and blowing ratio is 0.02 counts of effectiveness and 3 percent respectively.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Film cooling

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