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Effect of Rotation on a Gas Turbine Blade Internal Cooling System: Experimental Investigation

[+] Author Affiliations
Daniele Massini, Emanuele Burberi, Carlo Carcasci, Lorenzo Cocchi, Bruno Facchini

University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Alessandro Armellini, Luca Casarsa, Luca Furlani

University of Udine, Udine, Italy

Paper No. GT2016-57594, pp. V05BT16A016; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4979-8
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


A detailed aerothermal characterization of an advanced leading edge cooling system has been performed by means of experimental measurements. Heat transfer coefficient distribution has been evaluated exploiting a steady-state technique using Thermocromic Liquid Crystals (TLC), while flow field has been investigated by means of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The geometry key features are the multiple impinging jets and the four rows of coolant extraction holes, which mass flow rate distribution is representative of real engine working conditions. Tests have been performed in both static and rotating conditions, replicating a typical range of jet Reynolds number (Rej), from 10000 to 40000, and Rotation number (Roj) up to 0.05. Different cross-flow conditions (CR) have been used to simulate the three main blade regions (i.e. tip, mid and hub). The aerothermal field turned out to be rather complex, but a good agreement between heat transfer coefficient and flow field measurement has been found. In particular, jet bending strongly depends on crossflow intensity, while rotation has a weak effect on both jet velocity core and area-averaged Nusselt number. Rotational effects increase for the lower cross-flow tests. Heat transfer pattern shape has been found to be substantially Reynolds-independent.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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