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Effect of Rotation on a Gas Turbine Blade Internal Cooling System: Numerical Investigation

[+] Author Affiliations
E. Burberi, D. Massini, L. Cocchi, L. Mazzei, A. Andreini, B. Facchini

University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Paper No. GT2016-57178, pp. V05BT11A011; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2016-57178
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4979-8
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

Increasing turbine inlet temperature is one of the main strategies used to accomplish the demands of increased performance of modern gas turbines. As a consequence, optimization of the cooling system is of paramount importance in gas turbine development. Leading edge represents a critical part of cooled nozzles and blades, given the presence of the hot gases stagnation point and the unfavourable geometry for cooling. This paper reports the results of a numerical investigation aimed at assessing the rotation effects on the heat transfer distribution in a realistic leading edge internal cooling system of a high pressure gas turbine blade. The numerical investigation was carried out in order to support and to allow an in-depth understanding of the results obtained in a parallel experimental campaign. The model is composed of a trapezoidal feeding channel which provides air to the cold bridge system by means of three large racetrack-shaped holes, generating coolant impingement on the internal concave leading edge surface, whereas four big fins assure the jets confinement. Air is then extracted through 4 rows of 6 holes reproducing the external cooling system composed of shower-head and film cooling holes. Experiments were performed in static and rotating conditions replicating the typical range of jet Reynolds number (Rej) from 10000 to 40000 and Rotation number (Roj) up to 0.05, for three crossflow cases representative of the working condition that can be found at blade tip, midspan and hub, respectively. Experimental results in terms of flow field measurements on several internal planes and heat transfer coefficient on the LE internal surface have been performed on two analogous experimental campaigns at University of Udine and University of Florence respectively. Hybrid RANS-LES models were used for the simulations, such as Scale Adaptive Simulation (SAS) and Detached Eddy Simulation (DES), given their ability to resolve the complex flow field associated with jet impingement. Numerical flow field results are reported in terms of both jet velocity profiles and 2D vector plots on symmetry and transversal internal planes, while the heat transfer coefficient distributions are presented as detailed 2D maps together with radial and tangential averaged Nusselt number profiles. A fairly good agreement with experimental measurements is observed, which represent a validation of the adopted computational model. As a consequence, the computed aerodynamic and thermal fields also allow an in-depth interpretation of the experimental results.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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