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Influence of Heat Transfer and Material Temperature on Combustion Instabilities in a Swirl Burner

[+] Author Affiliations
Christian Kraus, Laurent Selle, Thierry Poinsot

UMR CNRS/INP-UPS, Toulouse, France

Christoph M. Arndt

German Aerospace Center, Stuttgart, Germany

Henning Bockhorn

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

Paper No. GT2016-56368, pp. V04AT04A022; 16 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2016-56368
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4975-0
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

The current work focuses on the Large Eddy Simulation of a combustion instability in a laboratory-scale swirl burner. Air and fuel are injected at ambient conditions. Heat conduction from the combustion chamber to the plenums results in a preheating of the air and fuel flows above ambient conditions. The paper compares two computations with different modeling strategies. In the first computation, the temperature of the injected reactantsis 300 K (equivalent to the experiment) and the combustor walls are treated as adiabatic. The frequency of the unstable mode (≈ 635 Hz) deviates significantly from the measured frequency (≈ 750 Hz). In the second computation, the preheating effect observed in the experiment and the heat losses at the combustion chamber walls are taken into account. The frequency (≈ 725 Hz) of the unstable mode agrees well with the experiment. These results illustrate the importance of accounting for heat transfer/ losses when applying LES for the prediction of combustion instabilities. Uncertainties caused by unsuitable modeling strategies when using CFD for the prediction of combustion instabilities can lead to an improper design of passive control methods (such as Helmholtz resonators), as these are often only effective in a limited frequency range.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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