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Application of High-Resolution Large Eddy Simulation to Simplified Turbomachinery Flows

[+] Author Affiliations
Susumu Teramoto, Hiroki Sanada

University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Japan

Takuya Ouchi

IHI Corporation, Mizuho-machi, Japan

Koji Okamoto

University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan

Paper No. GT2016-57299, pp. V02CT39A043; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2C: Turbomachinery
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4971-2
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Fully resolved large eddy simulation (LES) is applied to two simple geometry flowfields with well-defined boundary conditions. The LES results are compared with simulations based on a Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) model with turbulence, and pros and cons of using high-resolution LES for turbomachinery flows are discussed. One flow is a linear compressor cascade flow composed of the tip section of GE rotor B at Rec = 4 × 105 with a clearance, and the other is a Mach 1.76 supersonic turbulent boundary layer at Reδ = 5000 that laminerizes through a 12-degree expansion corner. The grids are prepared fine enough to resolve the turbulent boundary layer through a grid sensitivity study. The liner cascade result shows that all the turbulent shear layers and boundary layers including those in the small tip clearance are well resolved with 800 million grid points. The Reynolds stress derived from the LES results are compared directly with those predicted from the Spalart-Allmaras one-equation RANS turbulence model. The two results agreed qualitatively well except for the shear layer surrounding the tip leakage vortex, demonstrating that the RANS model performs well at least for flowfields near the design condition. From the simulation of the turbulent boundary layer experiencing sudden expansion, noticeable decreases of both Reynolds stress and local friction coefficient were observed, showing that the turbulent boundary layer has relaminarized through the sudden expansion. The boundary layer downstream of the expansion exhibits a nonequilibrium condition and was different from the laminar boundary layer.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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