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Numerical Analysis of Transonic Compressor With Various Tip Clearance Gap

[+] Author Affiliations
Yasunori Sakuma, Toshinori Watanabe, Takehiro Himeno

University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. GT2016-58117, pp. V02AT37A053; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2016-58117
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2A: Turbomachinery
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4969-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

Computational analysis has been conducted on the NASA Rotor 37 transonic compressor with various tip clearance gap heights. Using steady rotor-only analysis, the change in overall performance, basic flow characteristics, and near-casing phenomena have been carefully observed. The results have clarified that the peak efficiency of the compressor decreases almost linearly with the increase in gap height. Meanwhile, the stall margin was prone to deterioration in cases of significantly small or significantly large clearance gaps. The peak stall margin was attained when the gap was set to 75% of the original height. Focusing on the flow structures, the tip leakage flow and tip leakage vortex seemed to be dominant loss sources in the case of a large tip clearance gap. On the other hand, trailing edge separation at the blade tip was the major loss source in case of a small tip clearance gap. The difference in the near-casing flow structure also determined the onset process of numerical instability. In case of a large tip clearance gap, the advance of the interface between the main flow and tip leakage flow seemed to cause an accumulation of blockage in the region near the casing, possibly triggering the tip-initiated stall. In the case of a small tip clearance gap, interaction among the wall separation, blade tip trailing edge separation, and shockwave /boundary layer interaction was significant. These phenomena appeared to play a major role in the onset of numerical instability in the blade tip region.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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