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Endwall Secondary Flow Control in a High Speed Compressor Cascade With Vortex Generator Jets

[+] Author Affiliations
Huaping Liu, Deying Li, Bingxiao Lu, Menghan Yu

Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China

Paper No. GT2016-56843, pp. V02AT37A024; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2A: Turbomachinery
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4969-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


This paper presents a numerical investigation of secondary flow control in a high speed compressor cascade for different incoming flow incidences by means of endwall vortex generator jets (VGJs). The inlet Reynolds number is 560,000 in corresponding to an inlet Mach number of 0.67. Based on the detail analysis of the flow field and cascade performance, two effect mechanisms of the vortex induced by the VGJ are proposed. The first is to enhance the mixing between the endwall boundary layer and the mainstream. The second is to block the cross flow as an air obstacle. Therefore, the low energy fluids accumulation in the corner region could be decreased significantly, weakening the separation on the suction side and reducing the losses effectively. This benefit becomes more obvious with the increase of the incidence from i = −2° to 4°. Additionally, a more uniform flow angle as well as static pressure profile along the blade height is obtained at the cascade outlet. The maximum loss reduction is up to 12.9% while i = 4° with a jet mass flow ratio of 0.2%. However, the unfavorable impact of the VGJs is also detected in the up-washed region, where the loss is increased by the mixing processes between the mainstream fluids and the low energy fluids. For the case i = −4°, a strengthened induced vortex is generated due to the increased angle between the jet and incoming flow, resulting in loss increase in the up-washed region. Besides, a more rapid corner boundary layer development appears in the rear part of the passage, contributing to severe separation and loss enhancement, which suggests that the VGJ should be switched off for this incidence. Therefore, the advice to the application of the VGJ according the incidence is further obtained.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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