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Experimental Study on the Use of Synthetic Jet Actuators for Lift Control

[+] Author Affiliations
Ricardo B. Torres, Michael J. Cave

Solar Turbines Incorporated, San Diego, CA

Gustaaf B. Jacobs

San Diego State University, San Diego, CA

Paper No. GT2016-56403, pp. V02AT37A009; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2016-56403
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2A: Turbomachinery
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4969-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

An experimental study on the use of synthetic jet actuators for lift control on a generic compressor airfoil is conducted. A wind tunnel model of a NACA 65(2)-415 airfoil, representative of the cross section of an Inlet Guide Vane (IGV) in an industrial gas compressor, is 3D-printed. Nine synthetic jet actuators are integrated within a planar wing section with their slots covering 61% of pressure side of the airfoil span, located 13% chord upstream of the trailing edge. The Helmholtz frequency of the slot is matched closely with the piezoelectric element material frequency. The slot is designed so that the bi-morph actuation creates a jet normal to the airfoil surface. By redirecting or vectoring the shear layer at the trailing edge, the synthetic jet actuator increases lift and decreases drag on the airfoil without a mechanical device or flap. Tests are performed at multiple Reynolds number ranging from Re=150,000 to Re=450,000. The increased lift of the integrated synthetic jet actuator is dependent on the Reynolds number and free stream velocity, the actuation frequency, and angle of attack. For actuation at 1450 Hz the synthetic jet actuator increases lift up to 7%. The synthetic jet increases L/D up to 15%. Velocity contours obtained through PIV show that the synthetic jet turns the trailing edge shear layer similar to a Gurney flap.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Actuators

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