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Study on the Reverse Rotating Character Driven by the Backflow on a Centrifugal Fan System

[+] Author Affiliations
Xiaoyun Qu, Tong Wang

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

Jongho An

Kim Chaek Polytechnical University, Pyongyang, Korea

Paper No. GT2016-57232, pp. V001T09A008; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Fans and Blowers; Marine
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4968-2
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


In the turbo-compressor driving system, working fluid of large capacity and high pressure is stored in the system. Once an accident happened unexpectedly, the driving power of the rotor would be shut off quickly. Owing to the pressure difference between the inlet and the outlet of the compressor, the original downstream fluid might flow back from the volute to the impeller. The backflow might propel the impeller rotating reversely compared with its working status. It would damage the bearing and sealing system. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid the rotor reversal. With the development of the economies of scale, the capacity of the compressor unit becomes larger and larger, the possibility of the rotor reversal accident might be in consideration. The reverse performance of the centrifugal impeller is related to the mass flowrate of the backflow, the backflow pressure, moment of inertia as well as the initial working rotating speed of the rotor. In order to get the quantitative relation of the parameters, a test rig was set up with a centrifugal fan. The parameter was tested on the idle processes with different initial rotating speeds. Compared with the idle process, the reduction processes of the rotating speed driven by the backflow were tested. The processes varied with the pressure and the flowrate of the backflow. In addition, three-dimension simulation on the fan was performed. Corresponding to the experimental data, numerical performance of the fan was got to verify the numerical method. The flow information in the fan with backflow was analyzed. Even the backflow passing through the impeller, there is small flowrate to the volute by the operating fan. Combined with experimental data and the numerical parameters, the theoretical analysis on the reduction process of rotating speed was carried out. The critical values of the initial working rotating speed, the pressure and the flowrate of the backflow were derived to avoid the reverse rotation. Therefore, it can be used for the fan system in the design process to prevent the reverse rotation.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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