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Entrance Aspect Ratio Effect on S-Duct Inlet Performance at High-Subsonic Flow

[+] Author Affiliations
Asad Asghar, William D. E. Allan

Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada

Robert A. Stowe

Defence Research and Development Canada, Québec, QC, Canada

Derrick Alexander

LR Martec Limited, Halifax, NS, Canada

Paper No. GT2016-57875, pp. V001T01A036; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Fans and Blowers; Marine
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4968-2
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME and Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada


This paper reports the internal performance evaluation of S-duct diffusers with different entrance aspect ratios as part of an ongoing parametric investigation of a generic S-duct inlet. The generic S-duct diffusers were a rectangular-entrance (aspect ratio 1.5 and 2.0) transitioning S-duct diffuser in high subsonic (Mach number > 0.8) flow. The test section was manufactured using rapid prototyping for facilitating the parametric investigation of the geometry. Streamwise static pressure and exit-plane total pressure were measured in a test-rig using surface pressure taps and a 5-probe rotating rake, respectively and the baseline and a variant was simulated through computational fluid dynamics. The investigation indicated the presence of streamwise and circumferential pressure gradients leading to a three dimensional flow in the S-duct diffuser and distortion at the exit plane. The static pressure recovery increased for the diffuser with higher aspect ratio. Total pressure losses and circumferential and radial distortions at the exit plane were higher than that of the podded nacelle type of inlet. The increase in the total pressure recovery was observed for the increase in the aspect ratio for the baseline area ratio (1.57) S-ducts, but without a clear trend for the other area ratio (1.8) ducts. The work represents the beginning of the development of a database for the performance of a particular type of generic inlet. This database will be useful for predicting the performance of aero-engines and air vehicles in high subsonic flight.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME and Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada



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