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Relationship Between Velocity Field and Curvature of a Vortex in Two-Dimensional Turbulent Flow

[+] Author Affiliations
Ikumi Murao, Ruri Hidema, Hiroshi Suzuki, Yoshiyuki Komoda

Kobe University, Kobe, Japan

Paper No. AJKFluids2015-23582, pp. V01AT23A001; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/AJKFluids2015-23582
From:
  • ASME/JSME/KSME 2015 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: Symposia, Part 2
  • Seoul, South Korea, July 26–31, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5721-3
  • Copyright © 2015 by JSME

abstract

A flowing soap film is a promising test bed to generate two-dimensional turbulence dominated by an extensional stress field. In this study, the effects of visco-elastic fluid on two-dimensional (2D) turbulent flow have been quantified by the curvature of vortices visualized by a Film Interface Flow Imaging (FIFI) method in the flow. The curvatures of the vortices are related to the direction of velocity vector on the vortices. In order to confirm this idea, the velocity field of 2D turbulent flow was obtained by Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). As a flexible polymer, polyethyleneoxide (PEO) was also added to the flow in order to observe how polymers vary the curvature histogram and velocity fields. From the results, it was found that the variance of the curvature histogram became lower by adding the polymer. This was also confirmed by the phenomena that the fluctuation of the velocity vectors in the normal direction becomes small by adding the polymer.

Copyright © 2015 by JSME
Topics: Turbulence , Vortices

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