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Enhanced Flow Boiling in Microchannels Using Auxiliary Channels and Multiple Micronozzles

[+] Author Affiliations
Wenming Li, Tamanna Alam, Benli Peng, Xiaopeng Qu, Chen Li

University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC

Fanghao Yang

IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY

Paper No. MNHMT2016-6712, pp. V001T04A010; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/MNHMT2016-6712
From:
  • ASME 2016 5th International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer
  • Volume 1: Micro/Nanofluidics and Lab-on-a-Chip; Nanofluids; Micro/Nanoscale Interfacial Transport Phenomena; Micro/Nanoscale Boiling and Condensation Heat Transfer; Micro/Nanoscale Thermal Radiation; Micro/Nanoscale Energy Devices and Systems
  • Biopolis, Singapore, January 4–6, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4965-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

Flow boiling in an array of five parallel microchannels (W=200 μm, H=250 μm, L=10 mm) can be dramatically enhanced using self-excited and self-sustained high frequency two-phase oscillations induced by two-nozzle configuration. However, the effect of the two-phase oscillations is confined to the downstream of the microchannels. In this study, four-nozzle microchannel configuration is developed with an aim to extend mixing to the entire channel. Flow boiling in the four-nozzle microchannel is experimentally studied with deionized water over a mass flux range of 120 to 600 kg/m2 s. Overall average heat transfer coefficient (HTC) is significantly enhanced approximately 54.5% by extending the enhanced multi-channel mixing to the whole channel. It is equally important that the pressure drop can be further reduced by approximately 50%. Compared with previous two-nozzle design, four-nozzle configuration not only extends the mixing to the whole channel but also increase nucleation sites, which has been confirmed by visualization study to promote nucleation boiling.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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