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Tribology as an Enabler for Innovation in Surface Generation Processes

[+] Author Affiliations
K. (Subbu) Subramanian

STIMS Institute Inc., Lexingon, MA

Anant Jain, Brij M. Bhushan

Micromatic Grinding Tech. Ltd., Bangalore, India

Vairamuthu Rajagopal

Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India

Paper No. IMECE2015-52952, pp. V015T19A014; 11 pages
  • ASME 2015 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 15: Advances in Multidisciplinary Engineering
  • Houston, Texas, USA, November 13–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5758-8
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


Surface generation processes involve convergence of both machining and tribological interactions between the tool and the work. Abrasive finishing is one among the many families of surface generation processes, of which grinding process is a sub-set. In a typical grinding process, six different interactions can be identified at the grinding zone resulting in surface generation. Of these six interactions one is governed by the principles of machining, while the other five are governed by the principles of tribology. Thorough analysis of these interactions helps to characterize and understand the role of both tribological mechanisms and machining interactions in a typical grinding process. Moreover, these interactions offer the grinding process a flexibility which has resulted in a series of process innovations over decades transforming the grinding process into a high material removal rate machining process as well as an ultra-fine finishing process. Historical developments as well as recent process innovations are presented in this review paper along with the common frame work for their analysis using a set of microscopic interactions applicable in all these cases.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Topics: Tribology , Innovation



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