Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Effective Damping of a Flexible-Matrix-Composite Laminate With a Negative Effective Poisson’s Ratio

[+] Author Affiliations
N. Kumar, B. Varela, H. Ghoneim

Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY

Paper No. IMECE2015-50365, pp. V009T12A055; 6 pages
  • ASME 2015 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Mechanics of Solids, Structures and Fluids
  • Houston, Texas, USA, November 13–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5752-6
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


Two very important factors which determine the effectiveness of a pump are its volumetric and energy efficiencies. Yin and Ghoneim constructed a prototype of a flexible body pump with a very high volumetric efficiency or pumping potential (the relative volume reduction due to a relative input stroke) [1]. The high volumetric efficiency is attributed to the geometry of the pump’s structure (hyperboloid) as well as the high negative effective Poisson’s ratio of the 3-layer ([θ/β/θ]) flexible-matrix-composite (carbon/polyurethane) laminate adopted for the body of the pump. The energy efficiency was not evaluated. An important factor in assessing the energy efficiency of flexible-body pumps is the effective damping (a measure of the energy dissipation per cycle) of the flexible body material. An objective of the current work is to determine the effective damping inherent in the 3-layer laminate, as a function of the two angle orientations θ and β, employed for the design of the flexible body pump. Thereby, the best fiber angle orientation, for the highest volumetric as well as energy efficiency, can be considered. The contribution of this work is twofold: 1) viscoelastic characterization (longitudinal, transverse, and shear complex moduli, as well as the in-plane complex Poisson’s ratio) of the polyurethane/carbon composite, used in the Geo-polymer lab at RIT; the results may be utilized as benchmarks for other researchers using similar carbon/polyurethane in dynamic applications, and 2) provide a comprehensive study of the effect of the two angles θ and β on the effective damping factors of the three-layer laminate. Together with the similar study on the negative Poisson’s ratio [1], a better design of the laminate for the most efficient flexible-body pump performance can be established.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In