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Finite Element Modelling of a Modified Kolsky Bar Developed for High Strain Rate Testing of Elastomers

[+] Author Affiliations
M. S. Chaudhry, R. Carrick, A. Czekanski

York University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Paper No. IMECE2015-53723, pp. V009T12A050; 6 pages
  • ASME 2015 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Mechanics of Solids, Structures and Fluids
  • Houston, Texas, USA, November 13–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5752-6
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


Elastomers are finding a wide variety of dynamic applications in aerospace, automobile and biomedical industries. The response of these complex material is based on the loading conditions and the strain rate at which the loading is applied. To suit the designer’s requirement, there is an ever increasing need to characterize this application specific, dynamic behavior under high strain rates. The Kolsky bar apparatus, also known as the Split Hopkinson Bar, is the most common apparatus used to test engineering materials at strain rates between 100/s and 10000/s. In this paper a modified Kolsky bar to characterize soft material is numerically modeled using Finite Element Method. The focus of the study is to numerically analyze the modifications made to a conventional Kolsky bar to specifically test nonlinear hyperelastic, soft materials. The challenge for testing low strength materials is the impedance mismatch between the bar and specimen interfaces, which results in a very weak distorted signal. One of the solution is to use a hollow transmission bar instead of solid one. With the use of FEM it can be numerically verified that using a hollow bar increases the amplitude of the transmitted signal up to several times. It is known that the rise time of the elastic wave can be increased by using a copper pulse shaper. Different dimensions of pulse shaper are modeled and the effect on the incident pulse is analyzed. The main aim of this study is to provide a detailed numerical analysis on the testing parameters, and to model one way wave propagation in Kolsky bar experiment for hyperelastic materials. The constitutive equations used to model the parts of the apparatus are also discussed.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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