Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Thermal Property Measurement of Thin Fibers: A Direct Approach

[+] Author Affiliations
Troy Munro, Changhu Xing, Heng Ban, Cameron Copeland, Randolph Lewis

Utah State University, Logan, UT

Christ Glorieux

KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Paper No. IMECE2015-52056, pp. V08BT10A050; 9 pages
  • ASME 2015 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8B: Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering
  • Houston, Texas, USA, November 13–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5750-2
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


Fiber thermal characterization is often accomplished by indirect means, such as embedding the fiber in a matrix, measuring the thermal response of the composite, and relating for the contributions of the fiber and matrix to the overall behavior or measuring bundles of fibers. To improve the accuracy of the composite-based or bundle-based techniques, several different contact (hot wire and dc thermal bridge) and non-contact (Raman shift and IR thermography) methods have been developed to directly measure the thermal properties of individual fibers. To improve on the shortcomings of these methods, this paper presents the experimental results of an improved transient electrothermal (TET) method, as well as a 3ω-based method that better accounts for all sources of heat transfer, particularly heat loss by radiation. The incorporation of radial radiation heat loss becomes a significant factor as the size of the fibers decrease. This work describes practical applications of the methods to measure the properties of the fibers, including sample preparation for electrically conductive and non-conductive samples, data acquisition and calibration, data analysis, and sample property determination.

Results include validation of the methods with electrically conductive (platinum) and non-conductive (glass) fibers to improve upon the initial validation of the generalized electrothermal method which focused only on short, conductive fibers. The axial thermal conductivity and diffusivity of several high performance fibers are presented. The novelty of this paper is that it serves as both a compilation of previous research on the transient electrothermal and 3ω methods [1–6], measurements of new silk fibers, and practical information associated with the methods that improve the accuracy of the measured thermal property, as well as presenting thermal properties of additional fibers (carbon fiber and natural and synthetic spider silks).

To improve upon the long sample preparation time required for the TET and 3ω methods, future work focused on the development of a quantum dot-based photothermal fluorescence method is presented.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In