0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Optical Flow Measurement of Cavitation in a Converging-Diverging Nozzle Using High-Speed Imagery

[+] Author Affiliations
Alan Duong

Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS

Paper No. IMECE2015-54172, pp. V07BT09A057; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2015-54172
From:
  • ASME 2015 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7B: Fluids Engineering Systems and Technologies
  • Houston, Texas, USA, November 13–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5747-2
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

Cavitation is a phenomenon where liquids will vaporize when subjected to low pressures. Essentially, the pressure is reduced sufficiently such that the liquid boils at the given temperature. The highest pressure at which cavitation could occur is called the vapor pressure. However, the pressure associated with the onset of cavitation could be lower than the vapor pressure. This indicates the liquid exists under a meta-stable condition.

The current research is investigating different aspects of cavitation and cavitating flow characteristics. Particle tracking using high-speed photography provided further insight as to what the velocity profile of cavitating flow may resemble. The research has shown that the cavitation that occurred in the current nozzle appears to have a laminar velocity profile. In the experiments that were conducted, it was also observed that as the back pressure of the downstream decreased, the volumetric flow rate would increase. However, a maximum volumetric flow rate was measured once the flow had begun cavitation regardless of the back pressure. This indicated that choked flow conditions likely exist within the nozzle. Choked flow within the nozzle indicates that near the region of the throat the fluid velocity has reached the speed of sound. Using high-speed photography, visualization of flow separation and recirculation was recorded.

The information obtained from the research provides a more detailed description of the velocity profile near the onset of cavitation. The main objectives of this research were to obtain measurements of the overall flow for support of on-going research and analysis of nozzle flow cavitation. This study will provide a foundation for further and more detailed research into cavitation phenomena.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In