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Technical and Economical Investigation of Wind Power Potential in Kuwait

[+] Author Affiliations
Yousef A. Gharbia, Haytham Ayoub

American University of the Middle East, Kuwait, Kuwait

Paper No. IMECE2015-53821, pp. V06BT07A062; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2015-53821
From:
  • ASME 2015 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 6B: Energy
  • Houston, Texas, USA, November 13–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5744-1
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

The State of Kuwait is considering diversifying its energy sector and not entirely depend on oil. This desire is motivated by Kuwait commitment to reducing its share of pollution, as a result of burning fossil fuel, and to extend the life of its oil and gas reserves. The potential for solar energy in Kuwait is quite obvious; however, it is not the case when it comes to wind energy. The aim of this work was to analyze wind data from several sites in Kuwait and assess their suitability for building large-scale wind farms. The analysis of hourly averaged wind data showed that some sites can have an average wind speed as high as 5.3 m/s at 10 m height. The power density using Weibull distribution function was calculated for the most promising sites. The prevailing wind direction for these sites was also determined using wind-rose charts. The power curves of several Gamesa turbines were used in order to identify the best turbine model in terms of specific power production cost. The results showed that the area of Abraq Al-Habari has the highest potential for building a large-scale wind farm. The payback period of investments was found to be around 7 years and the cost of electricity production was around US Cent 4/kWh.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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