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CFD Analysis to Investigate the Effect of Vortex Generators on a Transonic Axial Flow Compressor Stage

[+] Author Affiliations
Avinash Kumar Rajendran, R. Ajith Kumar

Amrita School of Engineering, Amritapuri, India

M. T. Shobhavathy

CSIR-NAL, Bangalore, India

Paper No. GTINDIA2015-1313, pp. V001T01A014; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GTINDIA2015-1313
From:
  • ASME 2015 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • ASME 2015 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • Hyderabad, India, December 2–3, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5731-1
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

The performance of the compressor blade is considerably influenced by secondary flow effects, like the cross flow on the end wall as well as corner flow separation between the wall and the blade. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has been extensively used to analyze the flow through rotating machineries, in general and through axial compressors, in particular. The present work is focused on the studying the effects of Vortex Generator (VG) on test compressor at CSIR National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore, India using CFD. The compressor consists of NACA transonic rotor with 21 blades and subsonic stator with 18 vanes. The design pressure ratio is 1.35 at 12930 RPM with a mass flow rate of 22 kg/s. Three configurations of counter rotating VGs were selected for the analysis with 0.25δ, 0.5δ and δ height, where δ was equal to the physical thickness of boundary layer (8mm) at inlet to the compressor rotor [11]. The vortex generators were placed inside the casing at 18 percent of the chord ahead to the leading edge of the rotor. A total of 63 pairs of VGs were incorporated, with three pairs in one blade passage. Among the three configurations, the first configuration has greater impact on the end wall cross flow and flow deflection which resulted in enhanced numerical stall margin of 3.5% from baseline at design speed. The reasons for this numerical stall margin improvement are discussed in detail.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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