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Design and Calibration of a 3D High-Resolution Surface Profiling System Using Photometric Stereo

[+] Author Affiliations
Boren Li, Tomonari Furukawa

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. DETC2015-47734, pp. V009T07A086; 10 pages
  • ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 9: 2015 ASME/IEEE International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, August 2–5, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5719-9
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


This paper presents the design and calibration of a 3D high-resolution surface profiling system using photometric stereo (PS). This system is mainly composed of a high resolution DSLR camera with a macro lens facing perpendicularly to the target surface, and several LEDs tilting towards the surface constrained by a light fixture. With each LED turned on at a time to create one lighting direction, the camera fixed at the same position captures an image. PS with surface normal integration (SNI) are then performed to reconstruct the surface in 3D. Methods of four calibrations for the developed system are proposed to achieve better accuracy, which are the camera radiometric calibration, the camera geometric calibration, the light direction calibration and the light intensity calibration. Experiments have demonstrated that the developed system with the calibration processes could achieve the accuracy in the order of 10 microns.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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