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A Multi-Robot Testbed for Adaptive Sampling Experimentation via Radio Frequency Fields

[+] Author Affiliations
Jose Acain, Christopher Kitts, Thomas Adamek, Kamak Ebadi, Mike Rasay

Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA

Paper No. DETC2015-47697, pp. V009T07A067; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2015-47697
From:
  • ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 9: 2015 ASME/IEEE International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, August 2–5, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5719-9
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

Adaptive navigation is the process by which a vehicle determines where to go based on information received while moving through the field of interest. Adaptive sampling is a specific form of this in which that information is environmental data sampled by the robot. This may be beneficial in order to save time/energy compared to a conventional navigation strategy in which the entire field is traversed. Our work in this area focuses on multi-robot gradient-based techniques for the adaptive sampling of a scalar field. To date, we have experimentally demonstrated multi-robot gradient ascent/descent as well as contour following using automated marine surface vessels. In simulation we have verified controllers for ridge descent / valley ascent as well as saddle point detection and loitering. To support rapid development of our controllers, we have developed a new testbed using wireless transmitters to establish a simple, large-scale, customizable scalar field based on the strength of the radio frequency field. A cluster of six land rovers equipped with radio signal strength sensors is then used to process sampled data, to make adaptive decisions on how to move, and to execute those moves. In this paper, we describe the technical design of the testbed, present initial experimental results, and describe our ongoing research and development work in the area of adaptive sampling and multi-robot control.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Topics: Robots

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