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Design and Qualitative Testing of a Prosthetic Foot With Rotational Ankle and Metatarsal Joints to Mimic Physiological Roll-Over Shape

[+] Author Affiliations
Kathryn M. Olesnavage, Amos G. Winter, V

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Paper No. DETC2015-46518, pp. V05AT08A035; 9 pages
  • ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5A: 39th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, August 2–5, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5712-0
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


This paper presents the analysis, design, and preliminary testing of a prototype prosthetic foot for use in India. A concept consisting of a rigid structure with rotational joints at the ankle and metatarsal with rotational stiffnesses provided by springs is discussed. Because literature suggests that prosthetic feet that exhibit roll-over shapes similar to that of physiological feet allow more symmetric gait, the joint stiffnesses were optimized to obtain the best fit between the roll-over shape of the prototype and of a physiological foot. Using a set of published gait data for a 56.7 kg subject, the optimal stiffness values for roll-over shape that also permit the motion required for natural gait were found to be 9.3 N·m/deg at the ankle and 2.0 N·m/deg at the metatarsal. The resulting roll-over shape has an R2 value of 0.81 when compared with the physiological roll-over shape. The prototype was built and tested in Jaipur, India. Preliminary qualitative feedback from testing was positive enough to warrant further development of this design concept.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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