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Experimental Validation of the Kinematics of a 3PRS Compliant Mechanism for Micromilling

[+] Author Affiliations
Antonio Ruiz, Constantino Roldan-Paraponiaris, Oscar Altuzarra

University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Bilbao, Spain

Francisco Campa Gomez

Ingeniaritza Goi Eskola Teknikoa, Bilbao, Spain

Paper No. DETC2015-47449, pp. V05AT08A022; 8 pages
  • ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5A: 39th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, August 2–5, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5712-0
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


The present work deals with the development of a hybrid manipulator of 5 degrees of freedom for milling moulds for microlenses. The manipulator is based on a XY stage under a 3PRS compliant parallel mechanism. The mechanism takes advantage of the compliant joints to achieve higher repetitiveness, smoother motion and a higher bandwidth, due to the high precision demanded from the process, under 0.1 micrometers. This work is focused on the kinematics of the compliant stage of the hybrid manipulator. First, an analysis of the workspace required for the milling of a single mould has been performed, calculating the displacements required in X, Y, Z axis as well as two relative rotations between the tool and the workpiece from a programmed toolpath. Then, the 3PRS compliant parallel mechanism has been designed using FEM with the objective of being stiff enough to support the cutting forces from the micromilling, but flexible enough in the revolution and spherical compliant joints to provide the displacements needed. Finally, a prototype of the 3PRS compliant mechanism has been built, implementing a motion controller to perform translations in Z direction and two rotations. The resulting displacements in the end effector and the actuated joints have been measured and compared with the FEM calculations and with the rigid body kinematics of the 3PRS.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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