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Dual-Stiffness Behavior of Fatigued Tire Rubber

[+] Author Affiliations
Ruofan Liu, Erol Sancaktar

University of Akron, Akron, OH

Paper No. DETC2015-47782, pp. V003T01A034; 8 pages
  • ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 3: 17th International Conference on Advanced Vehicle Technologies; 12th International Conference on Design Education; 8th Frontiers in Biomedical Devices
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, August 2–5, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5710-6
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


We report on duality in stiffness values for both carbon black and silica-filled SBR-based (styrene butadiene rubber) tire rubber materials after cyclic loading (and not with no-cycle, neat samples). We believe, this behavior is due to morphological changes occurring due to cycling and not necessarily due to larger scale void/crack initiation. Causes may be chain breakage, reduced crosslinking in all samples, and agglomerate break-up/particle redistribution in silica systems, which represent early damage initiation and morphological changes in these systems. Therefore, we get a dual stiffness vs. strain behavior which is essentially superposition of two separate stiffness vs. strain curves, each being similar to the stiffness-strain curves for the neat (no fatigue) samples. We believe that the second superposed portion represents the sections deteriorated/rearranged due to cyclic loading (lower crosslinking/rearranged particle distributions) coming in-line during the straining process, and when the non-deteriorated/non-rearranged sections weaken.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Topics: Rubber , Stiffness , Tires



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