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Combined Optimal Design and Control of a Near Isothermal Liquid Piston Air Compressor/Expander for a Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) System for Wind Turbines

[+] Author Affiliations
Mohsen Saadat, Perry Y. Li

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

Paper No. DSCC2015-9957, pp. V002T21A005; 9 pages
  • ASME 2015 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Diagnostics and Detection; Drilling; Dynamics and Control of Wind Energy Systems; Energy Harvesting; Estimation and Identification; Flexible and Smart Structure Control; Fuels Cells/Energy Storage; Human Robot Interaction; HVAC Building Energy Management; Industrial Applications; Intelligent Transportation Systems; Manufacturing; Mechatronics; Modelling and Validation; Motion and Vibration Control Applications
  • Columbus, Ohio, USA, October 28–30, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5725-0
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


The key component of Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) system is an air compressor/expander. The roundtrip efficiency of this energy storage technology depends greatly on the efficiency of the air compressor/expander. There is a trade off between the thermal efficiency and power density of this component. Different ideas and approaches were introduced and studied in the previous works to improve this trade off by enhancing the heat transfer between air and its environment. In the present work, a combination of optimal compression/expansion rate, optimal chamber shape and optimal heat exchanger material distribution in the chamber is considered to maximize the power density of a compression/expansion chamber for a given desired efficiency. Results show that the power density can be improved by more than 20 folds if the optimal combination of flow rate, shape and porosity are used together.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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