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Performance Evaluation of an Extended Kalman Filter for State Estimation of a Pseudo-2D Thermal-Electrochemical Lithium-Ion Battery Model

[+] Author Affiliations
Shi Zhao, Adrien M. Bizeray, Stephen R. Duncan, David A. Howey

University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Paper No. DSCC2015-9836, pp. V001T13A007; 5 pages
  • ASME 2015 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 1: Adaptive and Intelligent Systems Control; Advances in Control Design Methods; Advances in Non-Linear and Optimal Control; Advances in Robotics; Advances in Wind Energy Systems; Aerospace Applications; Aerospace Power Optimization; Assistive Robotics; Automotive 2: Hybrid Electric Vehicles; Automotive 3: Internal Combustion Engines; Automotive Engine Control; Battery Management; Bio Engineering Applications; Biomed and Neural Systems; Connected Vehicles; Control of Robotic Systems
  • Columbus, Ohio, USA, October 28–30, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5724-3
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


Fast and accurate state estimation is one of the major challenges for designing an advanced battery management system based on high-fidelity physics-based model. This paper evaluates the performance of a modified extended Kalman filter (EKF) for on-line state estimation of a pseudo-2D thermal-electrochemical model of a lithium-ion battery under a highly dynamic load with 16C peak current. The EKF estimation on the full model is shown to be significantly more accurate (< 1% error on SOC) than that on the single-particle model (10% error on SOC). The efficiency of the EKF can be improved by reducing the order of the discretised model while maintaining a high level of accuracy. It is also shown that low noise level in the voltage measurement is critical for accurate state estimation.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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