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A New Approach to Reduce Engine-Out Emissions Enabled by Trajectory-Based Combustion Control

[+] Author Affiliations
Chen Zhang, Zongxuan Sun

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Campus, Minneapolis, MN

Paper No. DSCC2015-9838, pp. V001T11A002; 8 pages
  • ASME 2015 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 1: Adaptive and Intelligent Systems Control; Advances in Control Design Methods; Advances in Non-Linear and Optimal Control; Advances in Robotics; Advances in Wind Energy Systems; Aerospace Applications; Aerospace Power Optimization; Assistive Robotics; Automotive 2: Hybrid Electric Vehicles; Automotive 3: Internal Combustion Engines; Automotive Engine Control; Battery Management; Bio Engineering Applications; Biomed and Neural Systems; Connected Vehicles; Control of Robotic Systems
  • Columbus, Ohio, USA, October 28–30, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5724-3
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


Previously, the authors have proposed the concept of piston trajectory-based combustion control enabled by free piston engines (FPE). With this novel control method, the FPE realizes in-cycle real-time combustion control, in terms of adjusting the ignition timing and manipulating the in-cylinder temperature trace, through various piston trajectories and achieves higher thermal efficiency compared to the conventional internal combustion engines. In this paper, the effects of this new combustion control on engine-out emissions are studied. First, a model is developed that includes different piston trajectories in the FPE, a convective heat loss sub model and a reduced n-heptane reaction mechanism with major emissions species from diesel engines. Afterwards, a new approach which reduces the engine-out emissions by employing novel piston trajectories is described. At last, analyses of the simulation results demonstrating the variable piston trajectories’ effects on CO and NOx emissions are presented, which further reveal the advantages of the trajectory-based combustion control.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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