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Physical and Mathematical Modeling of Solid-Liquid Flow at High Bed Shear in Steep Flume

[+] Author Affiliations
Václav Matoušek, Štěpán Zrostlík, Jan Krupička, Tomáš Picek, Vojtěch Bareš

Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic

Paper No. AJKFluids2015-31238, pp. V001T31A004; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/AJKFluids2015-31238
From:
• ASME/JSME/KSME 2015 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
• Volume 1: Symposia
• Seoul, South Korea, July 26–31, 2015
• Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
• ISBN: 978-0-7918-5721-2

abstract

The paper discusses new results of our experimental- and mathematical modeling of sediment-laden open-channel flows in the upper plane bed regime associated with intense transport of sediment. Our recent studies showed that bed-load transport and bed friction are interrelated and classical formulae for bed friction (Nikuradse formula) and bed-load transport (Meyer-Peter and Muller formula) need to be modified to account for the intense transport of sediment.

The new results of our laboratory experiments in a tilting flume are presented and analyzed for different sediment fractions. The analysis is focused on the effect of solids density and size on the solid-liquid flow characteristics as the solids flow rate, flow depth, and bed slope for certain flow rate of water in a channel of given geometry. The experimental results are compared with outputs of our mathematical model simulating the observed phenomena. The simple 1-D model combines hydrodynamic- and sediment-transport equations and enables to use different transport- and friction formulae to predict the solids transport, flow depth and bed slope under the condition of (pseudo-) uniform flow of solid-water mixture in the open channel.

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