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Study on the Characteristics of Turbulent Flow of Viscoelastic Fluid Through a Planar Sudden Expansion by PIV System

[+] Author Affiliations
Lu Wang, Jia-Qi Bao, Tong-Zhou Wei, Wei-Hua Cai, Feng-Chen Li

Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China

Paper No. AJKFluids2015-25079, pp. V001T25A001; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/AJKFluids2015-25079
From:
  • ASME/JSME/KSME 2015 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1: Symposia
  • Seoul, South Korea, July 26–31, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5721-2
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

The influences of drag-reducing surfactant additives on the characteristics of a turbulent flow over a planar sudden expansion with expansion ration R = D/d = 3 and aspect ratio A = w/h = 30 were experimentally investigated by a 2D-2C (two dimensional-two component) particle image velocimetry (PIV) system. The 2D-2C velocity fields in the streamwise-wall-normal planes (x-y planes) at three spanwise locations are measured for the flows of water and 50ppm aqueous solution of CTAC/NaSal (CTAC: cetyltrimethyl ammonium chloride; NaSal: sodium salicylate) under the Reynolds number of 1.85 × 104. From the streamline in the x-y plane, it is observed that the reattachment lengths of the vortices in CTAC/NaSal solution are longer. Then the mean streamwise velocity fields and the apparent flow rate at three spanwise locations show that the flow fields in the other two x-y planes are practically symmetrical about the x-y centreplane in CTAC/NaSal solution, as compared with that in water flow. Finally, it is perceived that the Reynolds shear stress for three spanwise locations in CTAC/NaSal solution are obviously decreased.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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