Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Performance Criteria for Liquid Storage Tanks and Piping Systems Subjected to Seismic Loading

[+] Author Affiliations
Maria Vathi, Spyros A. Karamanos

University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece

Ioannis A. Kapogiannis, Konstantinos V. Spiliopoulos

National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Paper No. PVP2015-45700, pp. V008T08A026; 12 pages
  • ASME 2015 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 8: Seismic Engineering
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, July 19–23, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5703-8
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


In this paper, performance criteria for the seismic design of industrial liquid storage tanks and piping systems are proposed, aimed at defining a performance-based design framework towards reliable development of fragility curves and assessment of seismic risk. Considering “loss of containment” as the ultimate damage state, the proposed performance limits are quantified in terms of local quantities obtained from a simple and efficient earthquake analysis. Liquid storage tanks and the corresponding principal failure modes (elephant’s foot buckling, roof damage, base plate failure, anchorage failure and nozzle damage) are examined first. Subsequently, performance limits for piping systems are presented in terms of local strain at specific piping components (elbows, Tees and nozzles), against ultimate strain capacity (tensile and compressive) and low-cycle fatigue.

Modeling issues for liquid storage tanks and piping systems are also discussed, for an efficient analysis that provides reliable estimates of local strain demand. These models are compared successfully with available experimental data. Using those reliable numerical models, the proposed performance limits are applied in two case studies: (a) a liquid storage tank and (b) a piping system, both located in areas of high seismicity.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In