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High Temperature, Multi-Material, Cyclic Plasticity of a P91 Welded Branch-Header Connection Under Cyclic Pressure

[+] Author Affiliations
S. B. Leen, M. Li, R. A. Barrett, D. Joyce, P. E. O’Donoghue

NUI Galway, Galway, Ireland

S. Scully

ESB Energy International, Cork, Ireland

Paper No. PVP2015-45605, pp. V003T03A081; 10 pages
  • ASME 2015 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 3: Design and Analysis
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, July 19–23, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5696-3
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


This paper presents a study on high temperature cyclic plasticity of a welded P91 T-joint under cyclic internal pressure, in the context of high temperature low cycle fatigue (HTLCF) performance of such connections. In the present work, attention is focused on the development of a multi-material model for high temperature cyclic plasticity, including the effects of the different weld-related material zones, namely, parent metal, weld metal and heat-affected zone. The cyclic plasticity behaviour of the three zones is identified from previously-published high temperature, low cycle fatigue test results on uniaxial test specimens, including parent metal, weld metal and cross-weld specimens, obtained from a specially fabricated pipe girth weld, using ex-service P91 material. The cyclic plasticity material model includes the effects of kinematic hardening and cyclic softening. A three-dimensional finite element model of the welded T-joint is developed, incorporating the three sets of identified cyclic plasticity constants. The study is limited to isothermal conditions of 500°C, with a view to understanding the complex effects of multiple material zones with inhomogeneous cyclic plasticity behaviour. The heat affected zone is shown to play a key role in the development of plastic strains and localised stresses. The particular T-joint geometry is the subject of an investigation due to premature failure in a combined cycle gas turbine plant.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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