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Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer in Rough Microchannels Using a Kinetic Continuum Solver

[+] Author Affiliations
Olga Rovenskaya

Dorodnicyn Computing Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Giulio Croce

DiEM – University of Udine, Udine, Italy

Paper No. ICNMM2015-48126, pp. V001T04A003; 10 pages
  • ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels collocated with the ASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems
  • ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • San Francisco, California, USA, July 6–9, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division, Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5687-1
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


A numerical analysis of flow and heat transfer fields in a rough microchannel is carried out using a hybrid solver dynamically coupling kinetic and Navier–Stokes solutions computed in local rarefied and continuum areas of the flow, respectively. The roughness geometry is modeled as a series of triangular obstructions and a relative roughness up to 5% of the channel height is considered. Keeping Mach number low (incompressible flow) while varying Knudsen number allow us to investigate different rarefaction levels of the flow.

The competition between roughness, rarefaction and heat transfer effects is discussed in terms of averaged Nusselt and Poiseuille numbers and mass flow rate. Discrepancy between the full Navier–Stokes and hybrid solutions is investigated, assessing the range of applicability of the first order slip boundary condition for rough geometries with and without heat transfer presence.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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