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Expansion Tank Structural Reconstruction for Central Heating Systems With Re-Engineering Consideration and Energetic Losses Minimization

[+] Author Affiliations
Hamed Mohsenian

Kayson Engineering and Construction Company, Tehran, Iran

Hossein Ghadamian

Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Ali Asghar Hamidi

Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

Karim Alizad

University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL

Paper No. ES2015-49702, pp. V002T18A009; 7 pages
  • ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
  • Volume 2: Photovoltaics; Renewable-Non-Renewable Hybrid Power System; Smart Grid, Micro-Grid Concepts; Energy Storage; Solar Chemistry; Solar Heating and Cooling; Sustainable Cities and Communities, Transportation; Symposium on Integrated/Sustainable Building Equipment and Systems; Thermofluid Analysis of Energy Systems Including Exergy and Thermoeconomics; Wind Energy Systems and Technologies
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 28–July 2, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5685-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


Open expansion tanks are applied vastly in central heating and air-conditioning systems. Central heating systems are subjected to great deals of energy losses, owing to the lack of proper design. In this paper, the structure of Open Expansion Tanks is revised and some modifications for reducing energy and heat loss are made to their elements. Moreover, some common designs available in the market are studied in order to better recognize their defects and capabilities. To reach an efficient design, several scenarios are tested using Computational methods (CFD based). In order to validate the new design, an experimental model was created and heat and energy survey operations were performed. The results of energy auditing were analyzed to show the convergence of numerical and experimental models. Additionally, the proposed model was economically evaluated. The final presented model named “Optimized OET with twin containers” is capable of reducing the energy loss by 85 to 95 percent.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Topics: Central heating



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