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Design and Commissioning of an Experimental Set-Up to Evaluate the Performance of a Solar Absorption Chiller With Thermal Storage

[+] Author Affiliations
Christopher Baldwin, Cynthia A. Cruickshank, Daniel Bowie

Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Paper No. ES2015-49156, pp. V002T15A002; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ES2015-49156
From:
  • ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
  • Volume 2: Photovoltaics; Renewable-Non-Renewable Hybrid Power System; Smart Grid, Micro-Grid Concepts; Energy Storage; Solar Chemistry; Solar Heating and Cooling; Sustainable Cities and Communities, Transportation; Symposium on Integrated/Sustainable Building Equipment and Systems; Thermofluid Analysis of Energy Systems Including Exergy and Thermoeconomics; Wind Energy Systems and Technologies
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 28–July 2, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5685-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

As the demand for cooling increases in Canada, it creates a greater energy demand on the utility grid by placing peak loads during the summer months. As a result, air conditioning in the residential sector is responsible for a disproportionately large and increasing amount of CO2 emissions in Canada. One potential solution is the use of solar thermally driven absorption chillers, however before their widespread use in Canada is possible, extensive testing and optimization of the systems must be conducted to determine their feasibility in the Canadian climate. This paper discusses a full scale experimental test rig that has been recently constructed and commissioned to experimentally evaluate the performance of a commercially available solar absorption chiller with integrated thermal storage. The complete system is described, including the system’s test capabilities, the instrumentation installed, the control system developed, and the calibration and uncertainty analysis completed on each individual sensor and the system as a whole. Additionally, the paper examines the charge cycle of the solar absorption chiller being studied, and compares the results to simulation results obtained from a TRNSYS model of the test apparatus.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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