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Design of a Solar Thermochemical Reactor for Calcium Oxide Based Carbon Dioxide Capture

[+] Author Affiliations
Leanne Reich, Terrence Simon

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

Luke Melmoth, Robert Gresham, Wojciech Lipiński

The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Paper No. ES2015-49507, pp. V002T14A004; 8 pages
  • ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
  • Volume 2: Photovoltaics; Renewable-Non-Renewable Hybrid Power System; Smart Grid, Micro-Grid Concepts; Energy Storage; Solar Chemistry; Solar Heating and Cooling; Sustainable Cities and Communities, Transportation; Symposium on Integrated/Sustainable Building Equipment and Systems; Thermofluid Analysis of Energy Systems Including Exergy and Thermoeconomics; Wind Energy Systems and Technologies
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 28–July 2, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5685-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


An engineering design for a 1-kW dual-cavity solar-driven reactor to capture carbon dioxide via the calcium oxide based two-step carbonation-calcination cycle is presented. In the low temperature carbonation step, gas containing up to 15% carbon dioxide flows through a gas manifold and plenum into an annular reaction zone filled with calcium oxide particles. The carbon dioxide reacts with the calcium oxide, forming calcium carbonate. Carbon dioxide-depleted gas flows out of the reactor through a second gas manifold. In the high temperature calcination step, concentrated solar radiation enters the beam-up oriented, windowless reactor and is absorbed by the diathermal cavity wall, which transfers heat via conduction to the calcium carbonate particles formed in the previous step. The calcium carbonate dissociates into calcium oxide and carbon dioxide. Additional carbon dioxide is used as a sweep gas to ensure high purity carbon dioxide at the outlet. Mechanical and thermal analyses are conducted to refine an initial reactor design and identify potential design shortcomings. Numerically predicted temperature profiles in the reactor are presented and the final reactor design is established.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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