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A Study of Solar PV System Simulation Using PVsyst to Minimize Power Outage During Dry Season in Padang, Indonesia

[+] Author Affiliations
Rizki Asikin, Ricky Faizal

PT PLN (Persero) P3B Sumatra, Padang, Indonesia

Gregory Kowalski

Northeastern University, Boston, MA

Paper No. ES2015-49456, pp. V002T11A002; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ES2015-49456
From:
  • ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
  • Volume 2: Photovoltaics; Renewable-Non-Renewable Hybrid Power System; Smart Grid, Micro-Grid Concepts; Energy Storage; Solar Chemistry; Solar Heating and Cooling; Sustainable Cities and Communities, Transportation; Symposium on Integrated/Sustainable Building Equipment and Systems; Thermofluid Analysis of Energy Systems Including Exergy and Thermoeconomics; Wind Energy Systems and Technologies
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 28–July 2, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5685-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

Padang, the capital city of West Sumatra in Indonesia, has experienced major power outage repeatedly every year since 2006, typically causing people to experience 4–12 hours without electricity per day. The area is mainly supported by three lake-based hydro power plants, Maninjau, Singkarak, and Batang Agam. The electrical supply problems appear during the dry season when water availability is limited. Power outage during dry season in Padang area also becomes inevitable because the Sumatra island electricity system is a 150 kV interconnection power grid and due to the limitation of the transmission power transfer capacity lines from the Southern part of Sumatra (max for 250 MW) the demand cannot be satisfied. This paper presents the 2012 data of power outage and power production in Padang area. Using PVsyst software, a simulation of 200 MW solar PV systems in the Padang location is studied. Three scenarios are described, the current conditions without solar PV, with solar PV, and with solar PV-hydro collaboration. The results show that solar PV-hydro collaboration reduces the power outages significantly and distributes it more uniformly for the 2012 data.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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