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Latent Heat of Fusion and Melting Temperature of Molten Salt Based Carbon Nanotube Suspensions Used as Phase Change Materials

[+] Author Affiliations
Pau Gimenez-Gavarrell, Vincent D. Romanin, Sonia Fereres

Abengoa Research, Sevilla, Spain

Paper No. ES2015-49791, pp. V001T10A005; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/ES2015-49791
From:
  • ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the ASME 2015 Power Conference, the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
  • Volume 1: Advances in Solar Buildings and Conservation; Climate Control and the Environment; Alternate Fuels and Infrastructure; ARPA-E; Combined Energy Cycles, CHP, CCHP, and Smart Grids; Concentrating Solar Power; Economic, Environmental, and Policy Aspects of Alternate Energy; Geothermal Energy, Harvesting, Ocean Energy and Other Emerging Technologies; Hydrogen Energy Technologies; Low/Zero Emission Power Plants and Carbon Sequestration; Micro and Nano Technology Applications and Materials
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 28–July 2, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5684-0
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

Thermal Energy Storage (TES) can improve the efficient and economical use of available resources associated with renewable energies. The choice of Phase Change Materials (PCM) for TES applications is particularly attractive, since PCMs provide high energy storage densities, low costs, and allow energy storage at constant temperatures during the melting/solidification process. However, most commonly used PCMs have low thermal conductivity values, typically less than 1 W/mK. This leads to insufficient heat exchange rates in many applications, where power is as important as the amount of energy stored. Previous studies have shown that adding nanoparticles to molten salts can enhance the thermal conductivity and heat capacity, thus improving performance in TES systems. This study analyzes how adding nanoparticles to ionic liquids/solids affects the latent heat of fusion and melting temperature, critical characteristics of many thermal management systems. An important aspect of nanoparticle suspension preparation is the synthesis method, both from the point of view of scalability and effect on thermophysical properties. Several nanoparticle suspensions are synthesized with carbon nanotubes (CNT) and salt or ionic liquid base materials, using different synthesis methods and sonication times. The melting point and latent heat of fusion are measured for the base materials and nanoparticle suspensions using a Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC). The change in latent heat and melting temperature of the nanofluid with respect to the base fluid is shown to be present but not substantial. Possible explanations for the modification of thermal properties with respect to the base fluid are discussed.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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