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Analysis of CO2 Capture From Power-Plant Flue Gas Using the Membrane Gas Absorption (MGA) Method

[+] Author Affiliations
Zhien Zhang, Yunfei Yan, Li Zhang, Yanrong Chen

Chongqing University, Chongqing, China

Junlei Wang

Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China

Shunxiang Ju

China United Engineering Corp., Hangzhou, China

Paper No. POWER2015-49026, pp. V001T11A001; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/POWER2015-49026
From:
  • ASME 2015 Power Conference collocated with the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
  • ASME 2015 Power Conference
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 28–July 2, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5660-4
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

Currently membrane gas absorption (MGA) is a novel approach for gas separation. In the present work, a wide-ranging 2D mathematical model for CO2 absorption from the N2/CO2 mixture is proposed. Single solvents [H2O, ethylenediamine (EDA), diethanolamine (DEA), monoethanolamine (MEA), piperazine (PZ)] and blended solvents [DEA/PZ] were used as the absorbents. The non-wetting mode for the membrane contactor was considered in the calculations. The effects of gas concentration and velocity, and liquid concentration and velocity on CO2 removal were observed. The simulation results were verified with the experimental data showing a good agreement. The modeling results indicate that gas concentration and velocity have a negative effect on the capture process, while liquid concentration and velocity enhance CO2 capture. Also, it is noted that PZ has the best absorption performance than other single absorbents. The chemical solvents are much better than the physical solvent for the absorption of CO2. For mixed absorbents based on amine solutions, the CO2 removal efficiency could be about 20% higher than that of the single solutions. Thus, this model could provide the optimum operating conditions for acid gas absorption in the hollow fiber membrane module. It is also proved that the MGA approach exhibits a good potential in power-plant waste gas purification.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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