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Effect of Wall Boundary Conditions on Flame Propagation in Micro-Chambers

[+] Author Affiliations
Orlando Ugarte, Sinan Demir, Berk Demirgok, V’yacheslav Akkerman

West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV

Vitaly Bychkov, Damir Valiev

Umea University, Umea, Sweden

Paper No. POWER2015-49351, pp. V001T03A009; 10 pages
  • ASME 2015 Power Conference collocated with the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
  • ASME 2015 Power Conference
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 28–July 2, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5660-4
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


Flame dynamics in micro-pipes have been observed to be strongly affected by the wall boundary conditions. In this respect, two mechanisms of flame acceleration are related to the momentum transferred in these regions: 1) that associated with flame stretching produced by wall friction forces; and 2) when obstacles are placed at the walls, as a result of the delayed burning occurring between them, a jet-flow is formed, intensively promoting the flame spreading. Wall thermal conditions have usually been neglected, thus restricting the cases to adiabatic wall conditions. In contrast, in the present work, the effect of the boundary conditions on the flame propagation dynamics is investigated, computationally, with the effect of wall heat losses included in the consideration. In addition, the powerful flame acceleration attained in obstructed pipes is studied in relation to the obstacle size, which determines how different this mechanism is from the wall friction. A parametric study of two-dimensional (2D) channels and cylindrical tubes, of various radiuses, with one end open is performed. The walls are subjected to slip and non-slip, adiabatic and constant temperature conditions, with different fuel mixtures described by varying the thermal expansion coefficients. Results demonstrate that higher wall temperatures promote slower propagation as they reduce the thermal expansion rate, as a result of the post-cooling of the burn matter. In turn, smaller obstacle sizes generate weaker flame acceleration, although the mechanism is noticed to be stronger than the wall friction-driven, even for the smaller sizes considered.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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