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Analysis of “Finger” Flame Acceleration as a Stage of a Methane-Air-Dust Fire in a Coal Mine

[+] Author Affiliations
Sinan Demir, V’yacheslav Akkerman

West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV

Ali S. Rangwala

Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA

Vitaly Bychkov

Umea University, Umea, Sweden

Paper No. POWER2015-49240, pp. V001T03A007; 6 pages
  • ASME 2015 Power Conference collocated with the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
  • ASME 2015 Power Conference
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 28–July 2, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5660-4
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


To reveal the inner mechanism of gas explosion, the entire scenario of premixed flame front evolution within an accidental fire is prescribed. Specifically, “finger” flame shape, which is one of the key stages of flame evolution, is scrutinized with the situation of a methane-air explosion. A transition from a globally-spherical front to a finger-shaped one occurs when a flame starts approaching the passage walls. While this acceleration is extremely strong, it stops as soon as the flame touches the passage wall. This mechanism is Reynolds-independent; being equally relevant to micro-channels and giant tunnels. The flame speed increases by an order of magnitude during this stage. To implement dusty environments, Seshadri formulation for the planar flame [Combustion and Flame 89 (1992) 333] is employed with a non-uniform distribution of inert dust gradients, specifically, linear, parabolic and hyperbolic spatial dust distribution gradients are incorporated into the “finger” flame shape. This study systematically investigates how the noncombustible dust distributions affect fire evolution, the flame shape, and propagation velocity.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Topics: Coal mining , Dust , Fire , Flames , Methane



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