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Impact of Oxygen Enriched Air on High Intensity Combustion and Emission

[+] Author Affiliations
Ahmed O. Said, Ahmed E. E. Khalil, Daniel Dalgo, Ashwani K. Gupta

University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Paper No. POWER2015-49037, pp. V001T03A003; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/POWER2015-49037
From:
  • ASME 2015 Power Conference collocated with the ASME 2015 9th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2015 Nuclear Forum
  • ASME 2015 Power Conference
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 28–July 2, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5660-4
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

The influence of oxygen enriched air-methane flame under non-premixed and premixed fuel-lean combustion conditions is examined with focus on the emission of NO and CO, combustor exit temperature (Texit), and distribution of OH* chemiluminescence intensity. A cylindrical combustor was used at combustion intensity of 36MW/m3.atm and heat load of 6.25 kW. Results are also reported with normal air (21% oxygen). Oxygen enrichment provided stable combustion operation at lower equivalence ratios than normal air and also reduced CO emission. Increase in oxygen concentration from 21% to 25% and 30% increased the NO and decreased CO emissions at all equivalence ratios examined. Using 30% O2 enriched air in premixed case showed NO emissions of 11.4 ppm and 4.6 ppm at equivalence ratios of 0.5 and 0.4, respectively. Oxygen enrichment also reduced CO emission to 38 ppm at equivalence ratio of 0.5. Operating the combustor with normal air at these equivalence ratios resulted in unstable combustion. OH* Chemiluminescence revealed increased chemiluminescence intensity with the reaction zone to shift upstream at increased oxygen concentration. The exhaust temperature of the combustor increased with oxygen enrichment leading to lower CO concentration and increased combustion efficiency. The oxidizer injected at higher velocities mitigated the impact of reaction zone to move upstream that helped to reduce significantly both the NO and CO emission specifically under non-premixed combustion.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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