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Dynamical Analysis of Drill Bit With Ultrasonic Vibration

[+] Author Affiliations
Dapeng Zhao, Sigbjørn Sangesland

NTNU, Trondheim, Norway

Paper No. OMAE2015-41058, pp. V010T11A001; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2015-41058
From:
  • ASME 2015 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 10: Petroleum Technology
  • St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada, May 31–June 5, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5658-1
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

Based on the bit-rock interaction laws, a simple nonlinear 2-dofs mass-spring model is developed to analyze the dynamic cutting process with normal ultrasonic vibration excitation. The study presents a single cutter used in Polycrystalline-Diamond-Compact (PDC) drill bits. Using the 4th Runge-Kutta’s algorithm, numerical simulation found that ultrasonic vibration-induced contact deflection and even loss of contact. The contact friction between the rock and wear-flat (wear surface), which relates to the reaction force, is therefore reduced. This will reduce the wear on the cutter and the force needed to cut the rock. This indicates that the average reduction of friction induced by ultrasonic vibration can be explained by decreasing the average normal force on the cutter-rock wear-flat, rather than changing the friction coefficient.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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