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Utilization of Wave Dissipating Caissons as an OWC Type Wave Energy Convertor

[+] Author Affiliations
Tomoki Ikoma, Koichi Masuda, Hiroaki Eto, Hisaaki Maeda, Madoka Takahatake

Nihon University, Funabashi, Chiba, Japan

Kazuyoshi Kihara

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Bridge & Steel Structures Engineering Co., Ltd., Kanagawa, Japan

Paper No. OMAE2015-41712, pp. V006T05A016; 6 pages
  • ASME 2015 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 6: Ocean Space Utilization
  • St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada, May 31–June 5, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5654-3
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


Wave energy convertors (WEC) of oscillating water column (OWC) types make compressed air due to vertical movement of a part of water column, which are surrounded by some walls in water. As a result, the compressed air works to rotate an air turbine which also works for an electrical generator. If a structural system can make to move water such like a water column, a shape of a structure would not matter.

Wave dissipating caissons installed in or on the existing production line can make to transfer a water wave to a flow and to reduce wave energy by making to overflow them. The caissons which can be overflowed by the water would actuate a water region vertically such like an oscillating water column system.

This study investigated if we can utilize wave dissipating caissons as a WEC. Wave dissipating caissons also decrease wave energy due to passing through themselves. Even so, when an air turbine can be installed onto the caisson in order to harvest wave energy, it would be possible to produce electricity at low cost. The study conducted model experiments using the model assumed that wave dissipating double-caissons were remodelled to OWC type WECs with side walls and evaluated performance of the primary conversion of them. In addition, effects of how to arrange the number of the WECs on the primary conversion efficiency were investigated with theoretical calculations based on the linear potential theory and the possibility of utilization of wave dissipating caissons as a WEC was examined in the study.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Topics: Caissons , Waves , Wave energy



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