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Carcass Tearing in Flexible Pipes

[+] Author Affiliations
Rasmus Hansen, Anders Lyckegaard, Christian Cappeln, Erik Bendiksen

NOV Denmark, Brøndby, Denmark

Dag Mcgeorge, Nils Sødahl

DNV GL, Høvik, Norway

Paper No. OMAE2015-41554, pp. V05AT04A041; 7 pages
  • ASME 2015 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 5A: Pipeline and Riser Technology
  • St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada, May 31–June 5, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5651-2
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


This paper presents a novel model of carcass tearing in flexible pipes. The model is based on a simple parameterization of the pipe design in terms of isotropic layers, together forming the composite pipe structure. The model allows evaluations of interfacial shear stresses between the inner pipe layers, as well as axial normal stress and strain levels in response to gravitational and thermal loading.

Interfacial slip of a given interface, i.e. axial sliding of adjacent layers relative to each other, is accounted for by introducing a maximal possible value of the interfacial shear stress for a given interface, amounting to a static friction capacity. The model shows how a cut-off of the shear stress at the shear stress capacity implies an interfacial slip, which is followed by a significant increase in axial strain of the carcass layer.

Detailed quantitative results of the model are presented for a particular 11.5 inch K-carcass riser design. In order to improve engineering practice, an analytical expression of the governing shear stress is derived in terms of the gravitational and thermal loads. This analytical expression is easily applied for particular design evaluations.

The model directs attention to critical design parameters related to the carcass tearing failure mode and thereby supports continued safety in the design and operation of flexible pipes from a carcass tearing perspective.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Topics: Pipes



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