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Effect of Microstructure on Mechanical Behavior of a Combined Steam Turbine Rotor Steel

[+] Author Affiliations
Ming-Liang Zhu, Fu-Zhen Xuan

East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China

Lin-Bo Mei

Shanghai Electric Power Station Equipment Co., Ltd., Shanghai, China

Paper No. GT2015-44132, pp. V07AT28A018; 7 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7A: Structures and Dynamics
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5676-5
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME


High-pressure low-pressure (HLP) combined rotors have been gradually used in advanced power plants. In the present work, tensile, impact, fatigue and creep experiments were conducted to comprehensively investigate mechanical properties of a newly developed combined rotor steel 25Cr2NiMo1V based on microstructure influence. Fatigue crack growth (FCG) rates were obtained by both constant amplitude method and the load-shedding technique. A new method based on cyclic plastic zone size being equalling to grain size was introduced to defferentiate corresponding FCG data in the Paris regime and the near-threshold regime. Results show that 25Cr2NiMo1V steel has sufficient lower temperature strength and toughness in LP zone, and good high temperature creep properties in HP zone. Fracture Appearance Transition Temperature (FATT) at center core of LP is lower than 3°C with a tensile strength of 850 MPa, and creep rupture strength of HP for 105 h is respected to reach 165 MPa at 566°C. By comparison with other combined rotor materials in literature, the properties of 25Cr2NiMo1V steel enable it particularly suitable to HLP rotor material for advanced combined cycle power plants.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME



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