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Real-Time, Advanced Electrical Filtering for Pressure Transducer Frequency Response Correction

[+] Author Affiliations
Adam M. Hurst, Steve Carter, Joe VanDeWeert

Kulite® Semiconductor Products Inc., Leonia, NJ

Doug Firth, Alan Szary

Precision Filters Inc., Ithaca, NY

Paper No. GT2015-42895, pp. V006T05A015; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2015-42895
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 6: Ceramics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Honors and Awards
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5675-8
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

The frequency response of a pressure transducer is influenced by the natural resonance of the sensor structure, the spatial resolution of the sensor due to its diaphragm size, the sensor packaging, signal conditioning and mounting at the measurement location. The resonance of the sensor and aerodynamically-driven resonances related to the sensor packaging and/or mounting, specifically, can distort dynamic pressure measurements within the range of greatest interest (10Hz–20kHz), typically resulting in erroneous amplification. Historically, correcting for such errors within the frequency response of a pressure transducer or measurement system has been challenging, because such errors are hard to quantify with unknown resonant frequencies and damping factors (quality factors). However, with the ability to fully characterize resonant frequencies that lie within 10Hz–50kHz using a previously demonstrated dynamic pressure characterization methodology, it is possible to apply electrical filtering to substantially extend the flat (0±2dB) frequency response of a transducer before any digital signal conversion. In this work, we present a real-time frequency response compensation scheme that uses electrical filtering to correct for aerodynamically driven packaging or mounting related resonances while at the same time preventing signal distortion caused by the sensor resonances. The compensation extends the useable, flat amplitude bandwidth of the transducer while also correcting the phase response to maintain constant time delay over the extended bandwidth. This real-time frequency response correction scheme can be similarly used to compensate for chip resonances, which can limit the frequency response in applications such as shock and blast testing. A theoretical model of the frequency response correction methodology is presented. We additionally present temperature dependent experimental results that compare the frequency response with and without the correction scheme. These results demonstrate that the usable bandwidth of pressure transducers can be increased when real time, analog frequency response correction is applied. This work shows that if the frequency response of a transducer is well characterized, advanced signal conditioning can be implemented to substantially extend the flat bandwidth of the transducer without changes to the sensor, packaging or mounting.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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