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Effects of Turbulence Intensity and Scale on Turbine Blade Heat Transfer

[+] Author Affiliations
Robert J. Boyle

N&R Engineering and Management Services, Parma Heights, OH

Ali A. Ameri

The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Paper No. GT2015-43597, pp. V05BT13A022; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2015-43597
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5672-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

The effects of turbulence intensity and length scale on turbine blade heat transfer and aerodynamic losses are investigated. The importance of freestream turbulence on heat transfer increases with Reynolds number and turbulence intensity, and future turbine blade Reynolds numbers are expected to be higher than in current engines. Even when film cooling is used, accurate knowledge of baseline heat transfer distributions are needed. Heat flux reductions due to film cooling depend on the ratio of film cooled-to-solid blade heat transfer coefficients. Comparisons are made between published experimental data and published correlations for leading edge heat transfer. Stagnation region heat transfer rates of vanes and blades of high pressure turbines can be nearly double those predicted when predictions neglect freestream turbulence effects. Correlations which included the scale of turbulence gave better agreement with data. Two-dimensional Navier-Stokes analysis were done for several existing test cases where measures of the turbulence scale are available. The test cases had significant regions where the flow was not fully turbulent. Freestream turbulence increases laminar heat transfer, but has little influence on turbulent heat transfer. The Navier-Stokes analysis included a model for the effects of high freestream turbulence on laminar or transitioning boundary layers. Comparisons were made with vane and rotor blade data, as well as with high Reynolds number test data that simulated the favorable pressure gradient regions seen in the forward portions of turbine blades. Predictions of surface heat transfer showed the appropriate trends in heat transfer with turbulence intensity and turbulence scale. However, the absolute level of agreement indicated that further verification of approaches to predicting turbulence intensity and scale effects is needed. Significant increases in losses were calculated for vane and rotor blade geometries as inlet turbulence increased.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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