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Improved Methodologies for Time Resolved Heat Transfer Measurements, Demonstrated on an Unshrouded Transonic Turbine Casing

[+] Author Affiliations
Matthew Collins, Kam Chana, Thomas Povey

University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Paper No. GT2015-43346, pp. V05BT13A020; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5672-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by Rolls-Royce plc


The HP rotor tip and over-tip casing are often life-limiting features in the turbine stages of current gas turbine engines. This is due to the high thermal load, and high temperature cycling both at low and high frequency. In the last few years there have been numerous studies of turbine tip heat transfer. Comparatively fewer studies have considered the over-tip casing heat transfer. This is in part, no doubt, due to the more onerous test facility requirements to validate computational simulations. Because the casing potential field is dominated by the passing rotor, to perform representative over-tip measurements a rotating experiment is an essential requirement.

In this paper we describe improved methodologies for time resolved heat transfer measurements. Specifically we show that:

1. Changes in driving temperature (within limits) can be accounted for in both time-resolved and steady heat transfer measurement processing. This allows useful data to be extracted even under varying inlet temperature.

2. Superposition of several runs with different starting wall temperatures can be used to improve the accuracy of time resolved regressions by extending the wall temperature range over which the unsteady regressions are conducted.

3. A new time-resolved data processing technique that can be applied to data sets involving changes in wall temperature has been developed and is applied to experimental measurements to compute time resolved TAW and Nu.

These improvements are demonstrated using unsteady heat transfer measurements conducted on the stationary casing above an unshrouded transonic turbine. The measurements were taken in the Oxford Turbine Research Facility (OTRF), an engine-scale rotating turbine facility which replicates engine-representative conditions of Mach number, Reynolds number, and gas-to-wall temperature ratio. High density arrays of miniature thin-film heat-flux gauges were used with a spatial resolution of 0.8 mm and temporal resolution of ∼120 kHz. The small size of the gauges, the high frequency response, and the improved processing methods allowed very detailed measurements of the heat transfer in this region. Time-resolved measurements of TAW and Nu are presented for the casing region (−30 % to +125% CAX) and compared to other results in the literature. The results provide an almost unique data set for calibrating CFD tools for heat transfer prediction in this highly unsteady environment dominated by the rotor over-tip flow.

Copyright © 2015 by Rolls-Royce plc



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