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A Predictive Model for Preliminary Gas Turbine Blade Cooling Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
Nafiz H. K. Chowdhury, Hootan Zirakzadeh, Je-Chin Han

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX

Paper No. GT2015-42205, pp. V05BT13A002; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2015-42205
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5672-7
  • Copyright © 2015 by ASME

abstract

The growing trend to achieve a higher Turbine Inlet Temperature (TIT) in the modern gas turbine industry requires, in return, a more efficient and advanced cooling system design. Therefore, a complete study of heat transfer is necessary to predict the thermal loadings in the turbine vane/blade. To estimate the metal temperatures, it is important to simulate the external hot gas flow condition, the conduction in the blade material, and the internal coolant flow characteristics accurately and simultaneously. As a result, proposing novel, quicker, and more convenient ways to study the heat transfer behavior of gas turbine blades is of absolute necessity. In the current work, a predictive model for the gas turbine blade cooling analysis in the form of a computer program has been developed to answer this need. The program is capable of estimating distribution of coolant mass flow rate, internal pressure and metal temperature of a turbine blade based on external and internal boundary conditions. The simultaneous solutions result from the coupled equations of mass and energy balance. The model is validated by showing its accuracy to predict the temperature distributions of a NASA E3 blade with an uncertainty of less than +/−10%. Later, this paper documents the overall analysis for a set of different boundary conditions with the same blade model (E3) and demonstrates the capability of the program to extend for other cases as well.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME

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